The Paris Climate Agreement Facts You Need to Know
The Paris Climate Agreement, also known as the Paris Agreement, is a landmark international agreement aimed at addressing the global threat of climate change. It was adopted on December 12, 2015, by 196 countries at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in Paris, France.
Here are some important facts you need to know about the Paris Climate Agreement:
1. The Paris Agreement aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius. This goal is based on the latest scientific research on the impacts of climate change and the need for urgent action.
2. The Paris Agreement is a legally binding treaty, which means that countries are legally obligated to implement the measures they have committed to. However, the agreement does not specify enforcement mechanisms or penalties for non-compliance.
3. The Paris Agreement requires countries to submit nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that outline their climate targets and plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These NDCs are reviewed and updated every five years, with the aim of increasing ambition over time.
4. The Paris Agreement includes a financial mechanism to support developing countries in their efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Developed countries have pledged to mobilize $100 billion per year in climate finance by 2020, and to increase the amount thereafter.
5. As of 2021, 191 countries have ratified the Paris Agreement, including the United States, which rejoined the agreement in 2021 after withdrawing in 2020 under the previous administration.
6. Despite the progress made through the Paris Agreement, current trends in greenhouse gas emissions suggest that the world is still heading towards a temperature increase of 3 degrees Celsius or more by the end of the century. This underscores the need for urgent and ambitious action to address the climate crisis.
In conclusion, the Paris Climate Agreement is a critical global effort to address the threat of climate change. It sets ambitious goals for limiting global warming and requires countries to take action to reduce emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. While there is still much work to be done to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement, it represents an important step forward in the fight against climate change.